Friday, June 20, 2008

Common NICU Terms

Ok Im just copying and pasting this list from the Preemie Chatter website Some of the terms of abbreviations used on this blog are not listed below so when I come across one I will add it to the list below.

* Anemia: Low level of red blood cells.
* Apnea: A prolonged pause in breathing. This is a common problem in premature infants and may require monitoring or medication.
* Aspiration: Inhaling a foreign substance into the lungs, such as formula or amniotic fluid.
* Bagging: Pumping air into the baby's lungs using a rubber bag. This is a temporary measure to help a baby who needs help breathing.
* Bilirubin: A yellow-pigmented waste product that forms when the body naturally eliminates old red blood cells. It may make the skin and eyes look yellow.
* Blood gas: Blood test used to monitor the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
* Blood transfusion: Procedure in which a small amount of blood is given slowly through a vein.
* Bradycardia (Brady): A slowing of the baby's heart rate.
* Care center/radiant warmer: An open bed with an overhead warmer used to maintain baby's body temperature.
* CAT scan: Special x-ray examination.
* Chronic lung disease (CLD): Previously known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), this is chronic changes in the baby's lungs.
* Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP): Maintaining low pressure in the airways to keep the lungs expanded.
* Cyanosis: Blueness of the skin as a result of decreased oxygen levels.
* Echocardiogram: Special ultrasound that enables the cardiologist to get a picture of the heart.
* EEG: A test to record the electrical activity of the brain.
* EKG/ECG: A test to record the electrical activity of the heart.
* Endotracheal tube (ET tube): A tube that passes through either the baby's mouth or nose into the windpipe (trachea) to allow oxygen into the lungs.
* Fontanel: Soft spots in the baby's head where the skull bones have not yet joined together.
* Gavage feedings (tube feedings): Providing nutrition through a plastic tube passed through the baby's mouth or nose and into the stomach.
* Gram: A unit of weight (i.e. 28 grams = one ounce; 454 grams = one pound).
* Hearing screening: Method to screen for hearing or hearing loss.
* Heel stick: A blood sample obtained by pricking the baby's heel.
* Hypoxia: A low level of oxygen in the baby's blood.
* Intravenous (IV) therapy: Nutrition or medication given through a vein.
* Intraventrivular Hemmorage (IVH): Another term for Brain bleed, Grades are I-IV with IV being the first
* Isolette: A type of enclosed bed for an infant who is not mature or well enough to maintain her body temperature in an open crib.
* Jaundice: A yellow skin color that develops in most premature babies and in some full-term babies.
* Kangaroo care: Skin-to-skin care where the baby is placed on the bare chest of the mother or father.
* Meconium: Dark-green material found in the baby's intestines. It's the first bowel movement after birth; it's occasionally passed while the baby is still inside the mother.
* Murmur: An extra sound heard in the chest that results from abnormal blood flow patterns. It may be due to structural heart lesions, though most have no significance.
* Nasal cannula: Small prongs placed in the baby's nose that delivers oxygen.
* NPO: Latin abbreviation for "nothing by mouth." If the baby is kept NPO, all feedings will be give intravenously.
* Oxygen: Part of the air we breathe. Ordinary room air contains about 21 percent oxygen. Sick or premature infants often need extra oxygen, sometimes even 100 percent pure oxygen.
* Oxyhood: A clear plastic box that's placed over the baby's head to provide additional oxygen and moisture.
* Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line): Special intravenous (IV) catheter used when IV therapy or antibiotics are administered for a long period of time.
* Phototherapy: Treatment of jaundice using ultraviolet lights. The baby's eyes must remain covered for protection.
* Pneumonia: An inflammation of the lungs. In newborns, this is most commonly due to infection or aspiration.
* Pulse oximeter: A machine that measures how well the blood is being oxygenated.
* Reflux: A backward flow of stomach contents, generally referring to a type of vomiting, spitting up or regurgitation common in premature infants.
* Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): Lung disease that is caused by lack of surfactant (lubricant in the lungs) and is a common cause of breathing difficulty in premature babies.
* Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP): A condition that develops in the eyes of some premature babies where the retina buckles and pulls away from the eyeball.
* Seizure: A brief period of increased electrical activity in the brain. The baby's body may tense up and she may lose consciousness for a few moments.
* Sepsis: An infection somewhere in the baby's body.
* Small for gestational age (SGA): A baby who is small at birth because of poor growth in the womb.
* Spinal tap/lumbar puncture: A procedure in which a needle is inserted into the lower spine to obtain spinal fluid.
* Suctioning: The process of removing secretions from the baby's nose, mouth or lungs by using either a bulb syringe or suction catheter.
* Surfactant: A lubricant that lines the small air-filled sacs in the lungs and keeps the lungs from sticking together.
* Tachycardia: A fast heart rate.
* Tachypnea: A fast breathing rate.
* Tremors: Shaking or trembling of the face or limbs.
* Ultrasound: A diagnostic test that uses sound waves to look at the structure of internal organs.
* Umbilical catheter: Catheter inserted into the baby's umbilical cord that is used to either draw blood or give IV fluids.
* Ventilator: A machine that helps an infant breathe by pumping oxygen into a tube that goes into the lungs.
* Wean: To take away gradually. In the NICU or SCN, it is often used to describe the process of removing an infant from a ventilator or isolette.


AZReam said...

Add the following:-

GERD; Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

RES-Q Wedge; A device that allows babies with reflux to achieve a restful sleep state.

AZReam; A place where you can purchase RES-Q Infant Wedge & Sling online!

R = Reflux Symptoms
E = Ear Infections
S = Sleep Disturbance

Q = Quick Relief (peaceful rest for infants and parents)

Anonymous said...

You made your own life. You don't know me anyway, so why leave a name. I have been through more than you can imagine and still remain positive. You seem to want to make waves wherever you go. You will make an excuse for everything you do so I guess why bother. Remember your children pick up on your negativity. They deserve more than that. Life is challenging enough.

Anonymous said...

You mean that you complained 70 times and 4 you didn't complain.